Shekhar Pathak taught in Kumaon University for more than three decades. He has worked on different aspects of Himalayan history, social and environmental movements, folk culture and Himalayan explorations. He has been a Fellow at Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla and Nehru Memorial Museum and Library, Delhi. He is among the founders of PAHAR (Peoples Association for Himalaya Area Research) and edits the journal of same name. He has written and edited books on Coolie Begar System, Freedom Struggle, Forest Movements, Life and Times of Pundit Nain Singh Rawat, Kailas Manasarovar, Languages of Uttarakhand and Folk Poetry of Kumaon. He has traveled extensively in the Himalaya, including decennial Askot Arakot Abhiyans (1974-2014); Kailas Mansarovar; Eastern, Northern and Southern valleys of Chomolangma; Lhasha; different Indian Himalayan regions; Nepal and Bhutan.
He is also part of the ICI research team.